Does your skin need a foundation?
| 11 October 2021
Smooth and fresh skin without a single pimple, knot, or hitch is a real fetish for makeup artists and ordinary girls who cannot imagine themselves without makeup. The foundation is the main actor in the magical process of turning the skin radiant and smooth, so even those who believe that the base spoils the epidermis use it. But is the foundation really harmful, or is it an outdated myth from the last century?
What is a foundation for?
Many people believe that the purpose of the foundation is to completely cover all skin imperfections, but this is not entirely true. First of all, it is designed to even out the general epidermis tone, however, with serious skin imperfections, an additional application of a second dotted layer of cream, or the use of auxiliary cosmetics – a concealer or corrector will be required.
Remember: for ordinary daytime makeup, a light to medium durability and density of the foundation is enough, for evening or festive makeup, you can use a medium to dense coverage. This is due to the fact that in daylight, the thick foundation will be visible on the skin and may look like a mask.
There are a number of parameters by which you can navigate whether you applied the cream correctly or not:
- skin tone is even, without obvious spots and “bald spots”;
- the skin tone on the face and neck is the same, there is no effect of an artificial porcelain mask with clear contours;
- there is no excessive oily sheen or tightness (dryness), no peeling is visible.
The main types of foundation
- A base with active moisturizing and nourishing ingredients (hyaluronic acid, vitamin E, oils) is an ideal solution for dry and aging skin. Such a foundation will additionally care for the epidermis and will not accentuate minor skin imperfections, wrinkles, and peeling;
- A mattifying foundation is the best choice for oily skin. As a rule, such foundations do not contain oils, they have a lighter texture and a matte finish. Often in the composition of such a foundation, you can find mineral microparticles and other components that control the production of sebum and “postpone” the appearance of an oily sheen on the skin;
- Sunscreen foundation. The skin is exposed to sunlight at any time of the year (and even in cloudy weather!), so girls with very light or sensitive skin are better off using a base with SPF filters in winter. Others can adopt this option in the hot season, so as not to layer several funds on the skin at once;
- Waterproof foundation. This foundation will withstand a hot day at the seaside and heavy rain. But professionals do not recommend using this tool every day. Durability is often achieved through silicones and mineral oils in the formulation, which can clog pores. Rinse off a waterproof foundation with a special agent – for example, hydrophilic oil;
- Foundation with reflective particles. Provides “that very” natural glow of the skin due to reflective particles in the composition. For girls with dry and normal derm, to achieve this effect, you can safely use a base all over the face, but owners of oily skin should be careful. If there are too noticeable shiny particles in the cream, they can look like an oily shine on the face. Therefore, it is better to use such a foundation instead of a highlighter and apply to the bridge of the nose, cheekbones, and the area above the upper lip.
You cannot use foundation every day, because it spoils the skin
Modern foundations are maximally adapted for daily use and not only do not harm the derm but often include care components (of course, when the base is of good quality). In addition, the foundation acts as a kind of barrier against the external environment: it does not allow urban dirt and dust to penetrate into the skin, settling on its surface.
Foundation clogs pores
Yes, a poor-quality foundation can really cause your skin a lot of problems. However, the problem of clogged pores is very often associated with an insufficiently thorough cleansing of the skin, rather than the fact of using the tone.
SPF foundation suitable for daily sun protection
Our skin needs protection from both UVA and UVB rays. UVB rays penetrate the derm and contribute to sunburn, sunburn, and skin cancer, but they are partially blocked by passing through clouds, glass, or clothing. UVA rays are more dangerous, they are not trapped by clouds and glass, thus threatening us all year round, penetrate into the deep layers of the skin and cause the formation of free radicals, which over time causes the formation of age spots, loss of skin elasticity and the formation of wrinkles. Therefore, any of your sunscreens must be labeled UVA/UVB, “Broad-spectrum” or PA++. However, most foundations only have an SPF mark in the range of 10-30, which means that it is only UVB protection and is not suitable for daily use.
You can choose a shade of foundation on the back of your hand
Human skin on different parts of the body has very different shades. Therefore, if you want to choose the perfect shade of foundation for yourself, you need to do this not on your hand, and not even on your face. It is best to focus on the skin tone on the neck near the collarbone. The skin tone of the face is very often lighter than the neck (although it happens the other way), so a tone that blends perfectly with the derm of the face will have a difference in color with the neck and the rest of the body. Ideally, there shouldn’t be this difference, so we choose a shade that blends in with the neck and body.
I do not need to use foundation, because I do not have acne
Even if your skin is healthy and in perfect condition, take a close look at your face. You can see that different areas have a slightly different hue. In order to even out the skin tone as much as possible, we use a foundation.